In the challenging world such as today with so many of institutions propping up for dissertations, it has become essential for institutes to stand tall by imparting academic culture pertaining to new ideas and intellectual leadership by creating dissertations with utmost quality adherence. Dissertation is more common in institutions and doctoral schools, and these professional bodies are now giving more attention to accountability and quality enhancement of the research papers. They are continuously prioritizing resources in increasing the quality assurance of the research papers published through their institutions. One of the key challenges faced by the institutions is to ensure that the commitment, acceptance and participation of academic members in matters of quality assurance.

Peer review becomes an integral and important role in measuring the quality of dissertations. Research study also says that there is a strong correlation between the kind of research environment inculcated and the quality of the research dissertations thus produced. Institutes are building up indicators of individual progression, net research time, transferable skills, and professional development of researcher in order to build quality culture. It is said that peer-review and supervision are high priority tasks for inculcating such culture.

Peer-review in academic institutions is about building a high quality and personalized relationship with the researcher. Reviewer helps in developing the research elements, avoiding pitfalls and in giving more concrete knowledge in a specific domain. This mechanism helps in building good quality research papers with sharing of experiences and best practices.