Peer review of research documents constitutes an essential task, as this ensures that the facts and theories stated therein are valid and reliable. In the field of doctoral education, with the help of methods of quantitative and qualitative, many academic projects have garnered wide evidences regarding processes and challenges faced in identifying the good practices in the field of quality assurance with respect to dissertations. Quantitative methods include survey mechanisms and qualitative ones include focus group meetings and different workshops. These methods determine the kind of quality control measures and they come up with different techniques in order to peer-review the doctoral dissertations.

Quality assurance helps broadly into two categories of enhancement and accountability. On one hand, it demonstrates the improvement in the quality of higher education imparted and dissertations thus produced. And on the other hand, it displays the accountability and authenticity to its stakeholders. There are many professional organizations which have peer reviewers associated with them.

Peer review is emphasized in institutions by electing supervisors to each dissertation. These supervisors help in focusing on the mentoring and editing activities whereas the author can research upon the research related objectives. Experienced supervisors can also help in bringing strong consensus but there needs to be one main researcher who needs to take the overall responsibility.